Mississauga, was originally called Toronto Township. It is a large city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
It is situated on the north shore of Lake Ontario and is within the administrative district known as Peel Region.
With a population of 717,961 as of 2021, Mississauga is the seventh-most populous municipality in Canada, third-most in Ontario, and second-most in the Greater Toronto Area after Toronto itself.
Mississauga has benefited from its proximity to Toronto. During the latter half of the 20th century, the city attracted a multicultural population and built up a thriving central business district.
Malton, a neighbourhood of the city located in its northeast end, is home to Toronto Pearson International Airport, Canada’s busiest airport, as well as the headquarters of many Canadian and multinational corporations.
Mississauga did not grow outward like a traditional city, but is instead an amalgamation of three former villages, two townships, and a number of rural hamlets.
Indigenous people have lived in the area for thousands of years and Mississauga is situated on the traditional territory of the Huron-Wendat, Haudenosaunee and Anishinaabeg people, including the namesake Mississaugas.
Most of present-day Mississauga was founded in 1805 as Toronto Township within York County, and became part of Peel County when new counties were formed by splitting off parts of the original county in 1851.
Mississauga itself was established in 1968 as a town, and was reincorporated as a city in 1974, when Peel was restructured into a regional municipality.